Itzamná is regarded as the greatest god who created the world in Mayan tradition. He is frequently referred to as the most powerful god in the universe, owing to his vast knowledge of writing, cuisine, medicine, and other subjects. He is a god from the Mayan pantheon who taught Mayans how to become civilized and organized religious rites.
He is frequently linked to the practice of divination. Mayans thought Itzamná and an older goddess named Ix Chel formed a supreme coupling that gave birth to all other gods. It should be noted that in some pre-Columbian codices, Itzamná is referred to as “God D” and is tied to the solar god Kinich Ahau. He is also recognized as the founder of “Hunab Ku,” who was regarded as the only real God of the Yucatan people.
Itzamna, a two-headed reptile beast that supported the Maya world.
The Mayan word Itzamná means “lizard” or “big fish” in their language. He has a variety of personas and is known by several names in various eras. Quetzalcoatl, also known as the Feathered Serpent God, was a white god that visited Earth in Mesoamerican civilization. Mayans referred to him as Kukulkan during the Post Classic period. In his alternate form, he is depicted as a two-headed caiman, which represents the universe’s duality according to Mayan beliefs.
“Knowledge of colonial Yucatec Maya women through the analysis of documented evidence of three indigenous rites aimed to enhance women’s perinatal health and successful childbirth,” according to the Mayan text “Ritual of the Bacabs.” The healing chants that aided Maya women during the prenatal period are preserved in the book. Many pre-Hispanic gods have been replaced by Christian saints over time. The depiction of the elderly god Itzamna emerging from the gaping jaws of a reptile monster can be found in the Dresden Codex.
In Mayan religion, Itzamná was represented by a priest who donned a headpiece depicting the sacred bird deity.
According to Mayans, Itzamná is sometimes referred to as the reptile or Celestial Monster, signifying the reptilian structure of the universe. He adopts the form of a skeletal crocodile in his last incarnation, God D, which he assumes in the underworld.
Itzamna, an elderly god, rises out a reptilian’s gaping jaws (Dresden Codex 4b).
His human form as an old man is depicted in imagery from the codex, wall paintings, and sculptures. With a hooked nose, large square eyes, and a cylindrical hat, he is a smart priest.
Itzamná possesses a number of extraordinary abilities that have elevated him to the status of a Mayan deity. He is credited with inventing medicine and teaching Mayans how to make calendars. Mayans devised a variety of calendars to help them calculate the best time to accomplish agricultural and religious duties.