An international team of archaeologists and scholars recently discovered the ruins of a very old settlement. This ancient town was constructed at a high elevation. It is over 45,000 years old, according to academics.
Researchers explored the refuge in the Fincha Habera rock, which was located at a height of 4000 meters above sea level in southern Ethiopia. Many stone objects, glass arrangements in the shape of beads, and ceramic remains were discovered.
The first objects discovered date from the end of the last ice period. Denisov’s ancestors lived at a height of 4,600 meters above sea level about 160 thousand years ago. Scientists have confirmed that some modern humans have constructed homes at that height. Following many soil tests, researchers concluded that ancient Ethiopians in the mountains raised cattle 10,000 years ago.
They erected towns in the mountains because water in the valleys is scarce, and ice in the area might serve as a supply of drinking water for people for a long time, according to scientists. Fincha Habera was a site where humans lived, at least temporarily; they cooked and ate here, and they manufactured and used stone tools.
Artifacts span the whole tool’s existence, from early phases of knapping through well-used and retouched tools. People weren’t just collecting obsidian from surrounding outcrops and traveling back down to the lowlands, nor were they bringing pre-made hunting gear with them.
There’s also more subtle evidence, such as compounds known as 5beta-stanols, which are the chemical residues of old feces. The chemical evidence, according to archaeologist Götz Ossendorf and his colleagues, reveals “a large presence of human feces.”